Title 6 – KQ 5 : Which AOK(area of knowledge) require contrasting perspectives the most ? Why?

KQ 5 : Which AOK(area of knowledge) require contrasting perspectives the most ? Why?

The theories in Natural Sciences calls for a general consensus amongst the scientific community after the observations, experiments, investigations and results are found to be consistent , reproducible and in agreement over time.

Compared to this , theories in Human Sciences cannot base their findings of human societies and individuals that can make claims to be consistent or reproducible . The theories in human sciences rely more on drawing inferences based on observations without making much of sweeping conclusions.

For example three Economists Eugene F. Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert J. Shiller were awarded the Nobel , who worked independently, but were found to collectively explain and predict the workings of financial markets. The committee while being cognizant of contradicting and conflicting claims by the three economists highlighted how far the economics profession remains from agreeing on the answers to important questions in Economics.

In recent decades in History , there is an accepted norm of exploring multiple perspectives that requires incorporating source materials that reflect different views of a historical event. The validity of singular/one-sided narratives has been questioned and instead drawing perspectives from multiple sources – incorporating the pluralism and diversity of participants and affected parties –has been advocated. Experienced historians often put together competing versions of a story to build the reality of a historical event.

http://www.simplypsychology.org/perspective.html

https://core.human.cornell.edu/research/systems/theory/perspectives.cfm

http://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/0_0_0/howscienceworks_20

http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/great-minds-think-unlike-cultural-perspective-opinion-forming

http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/sevenpersp.html

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25020016

http://www.globalcognition.org/cross-cultural-perspective-taking/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superseded_scientific_theories

http://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/12905_Chapter1.pdf

http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/great-minds-think-unlike-cultural-perspective-opinion-forming

https://www.griffith.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/290773/Interdisciplinary-perspective.pdf

http://www.cfr.org/climate-change/alternative-views-climate-change/p14318

http://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/nov/04/relativity-quantum-mechanics-universe-physicists

http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/great-minds-think-unlike-cultural-perspective-opinion-forming

http://teachinghistory.org/teaching-materials/ask-a-master-teacher/23610

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/climate-change-from-different-perspectives/

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/15/business/3-american-professors-awarded-nobel-in-economic-sciences.html?pagewanted=all&_r=1

http://www.pewforum.org/2009/02/04/overview-the-conflict-between-religion-and-evolution/

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/05/06/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-iv-a-closer-look-at-a-scientist-whose-research-causes-immense-controversy/

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/05/12/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-v-lessons-to-be-learned-about-disagreements-between-scientists/

http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/underlying-causes

http://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/nov/04/relativity-quantum-mechanics-universe-physicists

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/04/18/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-i-background-to-controversies-involving-scientists/

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/04/25/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-ii-why-is-there-such-a-long-controversy-about-global-warming-and-climate-change/

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/04/30/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-iii-is-glyphosate-poisoning-us-all/

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