Title 6 – KQ 4 : Do contrasting perspectives always result in assuring health of a discipline?

KQ 4 : Do contrasting perspectives always result in assuring health of a discipline?

Experts within the same discipline may disagree , even with the same data, about the resulting interpretation , the nature of applied statistical tools and analysis, underlying assumptions , hypothesis and conjectures , implications and extent of the outcomes and results .Even with only one ‘Truth’ and one Reality , many perspectives of that reality may exist . These perspectives are shaped by multitude of factors including culture, history , environment and personal—experiences , beliefs , thoughts , motivation and incentives and change with time.

The potency of claims and conflicting claims depends on the undercurrents set in motion by distinct perspectives. Depending on the strength and nature of claims and conflicting claims these contrasting perspectives are reconcilable while sometimes they are not.

The underlying reasons for conflicting claims are attributed to rigidly held moral values , beliefs , identities and interests crucial for survival like high stakes distributional claims on resources. The interplay of these reasons form the bedrock for creating perspectives. When the claims and conflicting claims are based on unyielding fundamental moral, religious, and personal values , the perspectives that are formed in the process are uncompromising and not easily reconcilable.

Very often different perspectives coexist to explain and construct concepts, theories ,beliefs or an idea. These multiple and varied perspectives at times contradict one another , overlap with each other or are build upon one another. For example in Psychological Theories , while perspectives in case of ‘Nurture-nature debate’ contradict each other, they overlap for ‘Psychoanalysis and child Psychology ‘ and are build upon each other in ‘Biological and health psychologist’. How ever in physics , there is inherently no difference or conflict in theoretical or experimental knowledge. Although through their own perspectives , theorists value their theories for developing physics and the experimentalists think they discover or invent physics through their experiments , experimentalists are bound to understand the theory as much as theorists are compelled to understand the experiment.

As seen with research at CERN , all theorists , experimentalists, accelerator physicists, technicians work together to know and understand Physics. Physics on the other hand is independent of the existence of multiple perspectives and knowledge claims , conflicting or otherwise.

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