Title 6 – KQ 3  : Which AOK(Areas of knowledge) involve more disagreements ? Why?

 

 

 

The theories in Natural Sciences do manage to obtain a general consensus amongst the scientific community after the observations, experiments, investigations and results are found to be consistent , reproducible and in agreement over time.

Compared to this , theories in Human Sciences cannot base their findings of human societies and individuals that can make claims to be consistent or reproducible . The theories in Human Sciences rely more on drawing inferences based on observations without making much of sweeping conclusions.

In the area of Economics , for example three Economists Eugene F. Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert J. Shiller were awarded the Nobel , who worked independently, but were found to collectively explain and predict the workings of financial markets. The committee , while being cognizant of the disagreements between the three economists , highlighted on the fact ,how far the economics profession remains from agreeing on the answers to important questions in Economics.

 

In recent years in the area of History , there is an accepted norm of exploring multiple perspectives that requires incorporating source materials that reflect different views – read disagreements-of a historical event. The validity of singular/one-sided narratives has been questioned and instead drawing perspectives from multiple sources – incorporating the pluralism and diversity of participants and affected parties –has been advocated. Experienced historians often put together competing versions of a story to build the reality of a historical event.

 

 

http://www.cfr.org/climate-change/alternative-views-climate-change/p14318

http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/underlying-causes

http://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/nov/04/relativity-quantum-mechanics-universe-physicists

 

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3443861/

 

http://hermiene.net/essays-trans/relativity_of_wrong.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Kuhn

https://core.human.cornell.edu/research/systems/theory/perspectives.cfm

 

http://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/0_0_0/howscienceworks_20

 

http://www.pewforum.org/2008/04/17/the-evidence-for-belief-an-interview-with-francis-collins/

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superseded_scientific_theories

 

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/04/18/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-i-background-to-controversies-involving-scientists/

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/04/25/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-ii-why-is-there-such-a-long-controversy-about-global-warming-and-climate-change/

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/04/30/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-iii-is-glyphosate-poisoning-us-all/

 

http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/great-minds-think-unlike-cultural-perspective-opinion-forming

http://www.pewforum.org/2009/02/04/overview-the-conflict-between-religion-and-evolution/

 

 

 

 

mindpads.org@gmail.com