Title 6 – K Q 4 : To what extent consensus needs to coexist with   disagreement to build Robust knowledge?

 

 

 

As Thomas Kuhn noted in The structure of scientific revolutions that the periods between the breakdown of one system or theory and the entrenchment of another are always marked by an explosion of competing hypotheses bringing in both disagreement and consensus for filling in the inadequacies of the previous theory. The robustness of knowledge is established by the long delibrative process followed by the research community over time.

 

Often the disagreements get intertwined with national or local policies, public health regulations, cultural and religious restrictions, predicted expansions of business profits, policy alliances, international interests and conflicts – making the disagreements more complex .

When confronted with disagreements , it is a natural response to investigate , probe , inquire , reflect and reexamine ‘what went wrong’. If there is only consensus it only bolsters existing , ideas strategy and practices , reinforcing credence to existing knowledge and information. That approach can be quite regressive in our present world of complex and interconnected systems that necessitate a multifaceted approach to cooperate and collaborate to solve complex problems and understand complex events.

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.griffith.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/290773/Interdisciplinary-perspective.pdf

http://www.cfr.org/climate-change/alternative-views-climate-change/p14318

http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/underlying-causes

http://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/nov/04/relativity-quantum-mechanics-universe-physicists

 

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3443861/

 

http://hermiene.net/essays-trans/relativity_of_wrong.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Kuhn

https://core.human.cornell.edu/research/systems/theory/perspectives.cfm

 

http://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/0_0_0/howscienceworks_20

 

http://www.pewforum.org/2008/04/17/the-evidence-for-belief-an-interview-with-francis-collins/

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superseded_scientific_theories

 

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/04/18/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-i-background-to-controversies-involving-scientists/

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/04/25/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-ii-why-is-there-such-a-long-controversy-about-global-warming-and-climate-change/

http://dr-monsrs.net/2015/04/30/what-happens-when-scientists-disagree-part-iii-is-glyphosate-poisoning-us-all/

 

http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/great-minds-think-unlike-cultural-perspective-opinion-forming

http://www.pewforum.org/2009/02/04/overview-the-conflict-between-religion-and-evolution/

 

 

 

 

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