Title 5 – KQ 5: To what extent availability of “ Evidence” and “Technology “ depend on the duration of the historical development of a discipline?







The “ Quality “ of knowledge produced is vastly dependent on the accuracy of the Instruments , technology of the time and the data available to test the existing or prevailing theories . Over time , possession of abundant and accessible data combined with technology of computing and algorithms and analysis provides opportunities to acquire and produce knowledge that is both accurate and objective.


For example , over time we have put multiple optical sensors and very precise and accurate instruments. These monitor and measure phenomenon in space , giving us information like ‘Historical ephemeris tables ’ that enable us to know the Real and Actual , to test and to predict from our existing theories and knowledge and to keep refining and modifing the same striving for accuracy .

Over time the availability of vast Data has improved our understanding and predictions in Natural and Human sciences by being instrumental in formulating plan, strategy and decision-making. For any sample model the standard error ie equal to standard deviation/ Sqrt (n). The more data points or ‘n’ suggests a lower standard error for the designed model. With large number of data points , the underlying distribution of that data set is clearer to classify and by default we get a truly representative sample space.

It is difficult, almost impossible to make detailed predictions of complex systems that are extraordinarily diverse, contingent on multivariable relations and interconnected like those found in ecosystems, populations, Economies, financial markets and pandemics. But over a long duration of time , equipped data synthesized from various disciplines, we have been successful in assigning probabilities of occurrences in future that are much accurate compared to years earlier.

For instance, Weather Forecasting has historically been assimilating vast amount of data from Balloons, ground stations, ships, airplanes and satellites. This Data combined with technology breakthroughs in Radar, Observing Satellites, computer-based techniques and statistical analysis have received success in almost predicting very accurately ’ how the day will be like today’.


In Health care, for example by looking at personal genomic data and family health histories, patterns between genomic sequences, types of illnesses, effects of treatment can be identified and predicted to save money and lives. As the time goes we progress towards more efficient, beneficial and life saving applications.