Title 5 – KQ 2 How is “ Quality” significant in production of knowledge ?
Apart from increase and advancement of knowledge , Quality is linked to the level of progress in knowledge production specially with technological progress (increased effectiveness of tools and techniques) and social progress (economic prosperity, quality of life, justice in society).
The “ Quality” in knowledge production ensures that Theories and Scientific models stand validated based on how much the models have been experimentally tested, for how long, and what is the degree of acceptance in the scientific community. Overall knowledge claims get accredited over a duration time as evidence accumulates and the accompanying explanations prove more powerful than its alternatives at explaining the evidence.
The justifications – to support the claim, reduce or remove doubt – use Empiricism (the evidence of the senses), Authoritative Testimony (the appeal to criteria and authority), or Logical Deduction achieve “ Quality” when tried and tested over a long duration.
Having said that , there is no consensus among philosophers about the central problem whether science can reveal the truth about unobservable things and whether scientific reasoning can be justified at all. Distinguishing between science and non-science including pseudoscience, fringe science, or junk science , that masquerades as science in an attempt to claim a legitimacy, has existed as a core demarcation problem to a greater extent even in present times.